Source: Romanian Journal of Infectious Diseases.
To describe particular aspects of dermatoses in HIV-positive patients and assess clinical and therapeutical correlations. Material and methods.
A systematic review was performed of the medical literature, totaling 49 works, to evaluate information on the following dermatological diseases: syphilis malignant, pruritic papular eruption of HIV, molluscum contagiosum, infection due to varicella-zoster virus or human papilloma virus, cutaneous histoplasmosis, Kaposi's sarcoma, non-melanoma skin carcinomas, skin and soft tissue infections, HIV associated pruritus, HIV immune reconstruction syndrome IRIS associated dermatoses, vitiligo, lupus erythematosus, and Norwegian scabies.
Mucocutaneous manifestations associated with HIV-1 infection are classified into primary and secondary, but their pathogenesis is not completely elucidated, and secondary complications are associated with a lower HIV prevalence since HAART has become available.
The majority of dermatological diseases in HIV positive patients have a clinically more severe course, with a prolonged evolution, are more resistant to treatment, tend to recur more frequently and may exacerbate during the first months of initiating HAART, due to immune reconstruction inflammatory syndrome.
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